The Acropolis Museum is a new archeological museum compound located located in Athens, Greece. It was built to house all the artifacts found at the Acropolis of Athens which spans from the Greek Bronze Age up to the Roman and Byzantine Greece. The site of the museum itself stands beneath the ruins that is part of the Roman and Byzantine Athens.
Acropolis Museum History
The old Acropolis Museum was first completed in 1874 and underwent an expansion in the 1950’s. But succeeding excavations and uncovered artifacts exceeded the capacity of the old museum to hold all of them. The construction of the new Acropolis Museum was also due in part to find a suitable location to display the Parthenon Marbles when it was returned to Greece by the British.
A competition was held to design the new museum in 1976 but was met with few participants. After some other delays which involved various aspects which included finding a suitable location for the museum, work on the museum stretched on until the 1990’s. As succeeding design competitions were announced through the years, it was eventually won by New York based architect Bernard Tschumi, in collaboration with the Greek architect Michael Photiadis. The museum was eventually constructed and opened to the public on June 21, 2009.
Acropolis Museum Features
The Acropolis Museum is based on a design by Bernard Tschumi that revolved on concepts of light, movement and a tectonic element. The long and rectangular hall of the museum is designed with a sloping floor which resembles the ascension to the rock. The museum has a total area of 25,000 square meters with 14,000 square meters slated as exhibition space.