The Eureka Tower is a 300 meter high skyscraper located in the city of Melbourne, Australia. It is a residential tower, considered as the world’s tallest when measured up to its highest habitable floor and not up to its top structural point. The Q1 located on the Gold Coast, Australia takes this recognition as it stands 322.5 meters up to its spire.
Eureka Tower Profile
The Eureka Tower was designed Fender Katsalidis Architects and built by Grocon. Construction for the tower began in August 2002. The building’s exterior was completed on June, 2006. The official opening for the Eureka Tower was held on October, 2006. The name for the skyscraper was taken from the Eureka Stockade, a rebellion that happened during the Victorian Gold Rush in 1854.
The building is considered as the world’s tallest residential building if the basis of measurement at the top ends at the topmost habitable floor. But in any case, the Eureka Tower is considered as the building with the most floors available for residential occupancy.
The building stands 300 meters high and is composed of 91 storeys above ground, the top 84 of those reserved as residential space. It also has one basement level. The proximity of the building to the Yarra River made it uneconomical to build a multiple level basement. The Eureka Tower is considered as just one of seven buildings in the world currently having more than 90 storeys.
The material used for building the Eureka Tower was reinforced concrete. Building it made use of the slipform method where the form from where concrete is being poured slowly moves up as the concrete beneath it hardens. The Eureka Tower also has 24 carat gold plated glass windows on the building’s top 10 floors.
Tower Observation Deck
The building also has an observation deck occupying the entire 88th floor of the building. Called the Eureka Skydeck 88, this observation deck features 30 viewfinders that help visitors locate other notable landmarks around Melbourne. There is also a small outdoor area called "The Terrace" which is closed during high winds. A glass cube called "The Edge" which can extract itself up to 3 meters out over the edge of the tower and give visitors a unique visual experience for a fee.