Jin Mao Tower is a relatively new high rise skyscraper that is located in the Pudong district of Shanghai in the People’s Republic of China. It is considered to be one of the centerpieces of the Pudong skyline. It was also considered as the tallest building in the country until 2007 which was taken over by the Shanghai World Financial Center which stands adjacent to it.
Jin Mao Tower Profile
The Jin Mao Tower is an 88 story super tall skyscraper that was constructed from 1994 to 1998. its roof height stands at 370 meters or 1,214 feet tall. Including its spire, the building stands at 421 meters or 1,380 feet tall. It was built at an estimated cost of US$530 million. The Jin Mao Tower was designed primarily by the US architectural firm Skidmore, Owings and Merrill. It was built by the China Jin Mao Group co. Ltd. Which was formerly the China Shanghai Foreign Trade Centre Co. Ltd.
Jin Mao Tower Features
The Jin Mao Tower was built following a Postmodern architectural style. The design also infuses influences fro traditional Chinese architecture, most notably its tiered pagoda. design. Primary materials used for the structure is stainless steel, aluminum, glass and with foundations out of steel and reinforced concrete.
The structure and design of the Jin Mao Tower was also based on the Chinese belief of the lucky number “8”. Various proportions followed in the construction of the tower revolved around the said lucky number. The building has 88 floors and with the tower being built around an octagon-shaped concrete shear wall core. This core in turn is surrounded by 8 exterior composite supercolumns and 8 exterior steel columns.
The Jin Mao Tower was also built to withstand a Richter 7 earthquake and typhoon winds up to 200 km/h. The lower 50 floors of the building are for office spaces. Levels 51 and 52 are designated as mechanical floors. Levels 53 to 87 houses the 555-room Shanghai Grand Hyatt Hotel. The top most floor houses an observation deck that is open to the paying public.