One World Trade Center is the first skyscraper completed for the World Trade Center Complex. Located in Lower Manhattan in New York City, it stands on the former site of the original World Trade Center twin towers. It is currently the tallest skyscraper in the Western Hemisphere. It was known as the Freedom Tower when it was first built. But now it is known by its current name or also as 1WTC.
One World Trade Center History
There was doubt on what will become of the area that the World Trade Center twin towers occupied when both towers were destroyed on September 11, 2001. But proposals for reconstruction came in immediately. By 2003, there was a competition held for proposals on how to use the vacant site. After years of getting design proposals and many rejections, a final design for the so-called Freedom Tower was chosen in 2005. By April of 2006, the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey approved the conceptual framework for the skyscraper, which allowed for the construction of the foundation to commence. The construction of the tower began in May of the same year with a formal ceremony as the first batch of the construction team arrived. The skyscraper was eventually topped out on August 2012. The skyscraper was completed on May 2, 2013.
One World Trade Center Features
The original concept for the One World Trade Center was developed by Daniel Libeskind, the winner of the design competition held by the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation. But it was rejected due to disagreements with the developer of the site, who also held the lease for the World Trade Center site. The design was revised so many times that the current skyscraper contrasted with Libeskind’s original design. The current design was largely created by David Childs of the architectural firm Skidmore, Owings and Merrill.
The final design consisted of a more traditional building profile with simple symmetries that draw certain elements from existing landmarks of the New York City skyline. The Spire bears some semblance to those of the Chrysler Building and the Empire State Building. The tower rises from a 185-foot windowless concrete base.
The One World Trade Center stands 1,792 feet or 546.2 meters tall, including the spire. This makes it the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere. But without including the spire, it ranks as the 16th tallest building in the world. It is also currently the tallest skyscraper in New York City, surpassing the Empire State Building.
The skyscraper contains a total of 104 floors with an additional 5 basement floors. A total of 73 elevators service the building and its floors, which consists mostly of office spaces. Principal tenants include the State of New York, Vantone China Center, and Conde Nast Publications. Over 50 percent of the building’s space has so far been leased.