The Palace of the Parliament is a huge building structure located in Bucharest, Romania. It is a multipurpose building that contains both of Romania’s Parliament chambers. According to the Guinness Book of World Records, it is considered to be the world’s largest civilian administrative building as well as the world’s most expensive administrative building in the world. It is more commonly called by the Romanians as the People’s House.
Palace of the Parliament History
Construction of the huge building complex had its own share of sacrifices. It stands upon an area that was known as Spirii Hill or Arsenal Hill which was razed in order to build this mega project. Not only that, in order to provide space for the building, a greater part of Bucharest’s historic district has to be demolished. This included the destruction of 19 Orthodox Christian churches, 6 Jewish synagogues, 3 Protestant churches as well as 30,000 residences.
Construction for the huge structure began in 1983. Then Romanian president Nicolae Ceausescu wanted it to house the four major state institutions as well as becoming his palace. The cornerstone for the building was laid on June 25, 1984. By the time of Ceausescu’s overthrow in 1989, the outside structure and the design of the palace was largely complete. What remained unfinished were the large clock tower and the last three basement levels for the building. Many of the interior furnishings were also not finished. Subsequent works have been done although there are other areas such as parts of the east and west wings, the 2nd floor and basements that have not yet been finished.
Palace of the Parliament Features
The Palace covers and area of 270 meters by 240 meters. It stands 86 meters high and 92 meters under ground. It covers 12 stories and contains 1,100 rooms. There are two underground garages with an additional four underground levels for general public use. Another four are in different stages of completion.
The Palace is designed with an eclectic neoclassical architectural style. Most of the material used were sourced out from different parts of Romania. Material estimates include using 1 million cubic meters of marble from Transylvania, 3,500 tons of crystal for chandeliers, 700,000 tons of steel and bronze for metal fixtures, 900,000 cubic meters of wood and 200,000 square meters of woolen carpets.