Shanghai Tower is a topped off mega tall skyscraper located in Pudong in Shanghai, China. It is considered to be the tallest of the three adjacent super tall skyscrapers in the Pudong area, namely, the Shanghai Tower, the Jin Mao Tower and the Shanghai World Financial Center. At its current topped off state, the Shanghai Tower is already considered as the tallest building in China. Once completed, it is also considered as the second tallest building in the world, just behind the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, UAE. Its status may just be short lived as another tower called the Ping An Finance Tower currently under construction in Shenzhen may surpass it as China’s tallest building when completed in 2016.
Shanghai Tower History
Plans for building a financial district in Pudong started way back in 1993, which already included plans for building a close group of super tall skyscrapers. The Jin Mao Tower was the first one completed in 1999 while the adjacent Shanghai World Financial Center was completed in 2008. The Shanghai Tower was the last one in the group to be constructed. Construction on the tower started on November of 2008. With the tower topped off in August of 2013, it is expected to be completed sometime in the summer of 2015.
Shanghai Tower Features
The Shanghai Tower was designed by the American firm Gensler with Chinese architect Jun Xia heading the design team. American architect Marshall Strabala also provided contributions to the design plans. The tower stands 632 meters or 2,073 feet tall. It has a total of 128 floors, with five of those under the ground.
The tower is identified by its twisting design, made possible by creating nine cylindrical buildings stacked one on top the other. They are all enclosed by two layers of glass, which creates the facade of a single tower. The area between the inner and outer layer of the glass facade twists as it goes up, which also provides nine indoor public spaces for visitors. Each of these nine areas contains its own atrium composed of gardens, restaurants and retail spaces, which provide 360-degree views of the city.