Burgos Cathedral is a unique and striking Gothic-style cathedral located in Burgos, Spain. It has become quite famous for its sheer size and unique architecture. The Burgos Cathedral was also included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO in 1984. It is considered to be one of the best cathedrals found in Spain.
Burgos Cathedral History
The Burgos Cathedral had its start when King Ferdinand III, who also acted as the English-born Bishop of Burgos, ordered its construction in 1221. Construction started on its chevet which took over 9 years to complete. The high altar was consecrated by 1260. Unfortunately there was a lengthy hiatus to the construction of the cathedral which spanned over 200 years. After the resumption of its construction, the Burgos Cathedral finally was completed in 1567.
Burgos Cathedral Features
Burgos Cathedral has several unique architectural features. The unique combinations may have stemmed from the different influences that spanned its long construction period. The facade of the cathedral on the west front contains triple entrances framed by ogival arches. It follows a northern French Gothic style and is flanked by towers on square plans that ends with octagonal spires. The main spires stand 88 meters tall.
The cathedral follows a cruciform floor plan that includes a 106 meter long nave with wide aisles hidden from exterior view by 15 chapels added at all angles from the aisles and transepts. A beautiful 14th Century cloister stands at the northwest and an archiepiscopal palace on the southwest.
At the other end of the cathedral lies the octagonal Chapel of the Condestable which was built after a Flamboyant Gothic style. This chapel is filled with traceries of knights and angels and other elements of heraldry.