The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels is a post-modern cathedral church located in Los Angeles, California. It is also the mother church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles and the seat of the archibishop in the city.
The Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels served as the replacement for the old Cathedral of Saint Vibiana which was damaged by the 1994 Northbridge Earthquake. The city of Los Angeles swapped a larger lot for the site of the old cathedral, which was then scheduled for demolition to make way for a new cathedral, to prevent it from being destroyed. The new lot became the site for the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels.
The post-modern architectural design of the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels was the work of Pritzker Prize-winning Spanish architect Jose Rafael Moneo. The cathedral features a series of acute and obtuse angles as well as the absence of the use of right angles. The cathedral is 12 stories high and can accommodate over 3,000 people. In order to protect the cathedral from earthquakes, its structure is supported by 198 base isolators, which are designed to float 27 inches in an event of an earthquake measuring 8.0 on the Richter scale.
Aside from the cathedral proper, the site also includes a 2.5 acre plaza, several gardens and water features. The main sanctuary of the cathedral is 333 feet or 100 meters long with an internal height varying from 80 feet at the rear near the baptistery and 100 feet near the lantern window. The cathedral is known to be the first Roman Catholic cathedral built in the western US for 30 years.