Cologne Cathedral is a Roman Catholic church located in Cologne, Germany. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Cologne and a renowned monument of German Catholicism. The Cologne Cathedral is named as a World Heritage site and is one of the best architectural monuments in Germany. It is also the most popular landmark in the city of Cologne.
Cologne Cathedral History
The Cologne Cathedral was initially planned for construction in 1164 in order to provide a suitable place to house the relics of the Three Kings which have been taken from Milan, Italy by Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa and acquired by Rainald of Dassel, then the Archbishop of Cologne. Since the valuable relics were expected to bring pilgrims from other places into the city, a new church was planned for building after the loss of a previous cathedral to fire left the church officials lack of an ideal church to house the said relics.
The first foundation for the new cathedral was laid on August 15, 1248. Work on the cathedral suffered through several interruptions through the years. It was finally completed sometime in 1880.
Cologne Cathedral Profile
Cologne Cathedral is considered as one of the largest churches in the world. It is considered as the largest Gothic church in Northern Europe. The cathedral owns the second tallest church spires after the spire of Ulm Minster.
The cathedral stands 157 meters tall, 155.5 meters long and 86.5 meters wide. Its design was influenced by Gothic architecture closely based on the Amiens Cathedral in France. The church layout plan took the shape of a Latin Cross which is usual for most Gothic cathedrals.