Salisbury Cathedral is an imposing Anglican cathedral located in Salisbury, England. Formally known as the Cathedral Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the cathedral is considered to be a primary example of Early English Gothic architecture. The Salisbury Cathedral is known to have the tallest church spire in the whole United Kingdom.
Salisbury Cathedral History
The Salisbury Cathedral was build as a response to the need to relocate the church from its original site at Old Sarum. The land for the current site of the church was donated, along with the funds used to construct the cathedral. The foundation stone for the new cathedral was laid down on April 28, 1220. Different parts of the cathedral was built and finished on different years. All in all, it took about 38 years for the cathedral to be finished.
Salisbury Cathedral Design
Since the Salisbury Cathedral took on a relatively short time to complete as compared to other churches, it was able to be built using only a single consistent architectural style, the Early English Gothic. Its primary architects were Bishop Richard Poore and Elias of Dereham. Significant changes in the cathedral was overseen in 1790 by James Wyatt.
Salisbury Cathedral Features
The Salisbury Cathedral is one of the leading examples of churches that were built on the Early English Gothic style. The floor design takes the form of a patriarchal cross with two distinct cruisers. The main hall is 138 meters in length with the transept measuring 61.5 meters. The cathedral also stands 123 meters high at the spire.
The Salisbury Cathedral is also known to have the world’s oldest working modern clock. The clock dates back from around AD 1386 and once remained stored and forgotten inside the church until it was rediscovered in 1929 and repaired to working order in 1956. the cathedral is also home to one of the 4 original copies of the Magna Carta.