St. Patrick’s Cathedral is a famous Neo-Gothic style Roman Catholic cathedral located in midtown Manhattan in New York. Aside from a parish church, it is also the seat of the archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York. It is considered as a National Historic Landmark since 1976.
St. Patrick’s Cathedral History
The current cathedral was built sometime in 1858 to replace the old St. Patrick’s Cathedral that was located in downtown Manhattan. The new cathedral was planned when the Diocese of New York was made an archdiocese by Pope Pius IX on July 19, 1850. Plans were made in 1853 to erect the church.
The first cornerstone for the new church was laid on August 15, 1858. The cathedral was designed by James Renwick, Jr. influenced by the Gothic Revival architectural style. Work on the church stopped during the Civil War and resumed in 1865. The cathedral was completed in 1878, dedicated and opening its doors to the public in May 25, 1879.
St. Patrick’s Cathedral Features
The cathedral is made up mainly of brick due to its strength that was covered in marble. It covers a 2-acre area and is large enough to accommodate around 2,200 people. The cathedral spires are 330 feet or 100 meters tall. Other parts of the cathedral such as the windows, vestibule, altars and other ornamentation were designed and made by other artists from all over the world. Because of its architectural beauty and form has made it a prominent landmark in the city of New York.