Bauhaus Design: The Beginning of Modernism

Banhaus DesignBauhaus essentially is an influential style in modern design that was developed during the early 1900’s. Also known widely as the International Style in modern design, Bauhaus is characterized by a marriage between form and function. Establishing harmony between the function and the design of an object is the primary aim of this popular school of design.

Bauhaus started from a school in Germany where its name was derived from. The school was known as a place where students were taught to combine handcraft with fine arts. The Bauhaus school was founded by Walter Gropius, a German architect who developed the new approach to creating designs that meet technical industrial standards both in their aesthetic and functional aspects. This new approach to design was able to have a profound influence on Modernist architecture and the subsequent developments in art and in its other facets such as interior design, industrial design as well as typography.

The foundation of the Bauhaus style came during the time of political and cultural upheaval in Germany. The fall of Germany during World War I brought also the fall of censorship that led to radical experimentation which included the field of design. The Bauhaus was greatly influenced by the Modernism movement which had its origins come from as way back as the 1880’s. The movement had already made is presence felt even in a conservative Germany.

The Bauhaus style is associated with design innovations during its time characterized by radically simplified forms, the merging of form and functionality and the unity of technology and art. This approach to design seems to grow out of trying to adapt to a modern world with the many technological innovations that come with it. Bauhaus aimed to establish a new method to design that tries to include the aspects of the modern world on how a certain object is to be shaped and formed.

The Bauhaus style not only brought its approach to designing buildings and houses. Because it started as a school that tried to merge craftsmen with artists, the Bauhaus style came to envelop other aspects of design. It found its way to furniture and graphic design. And with its influence came the emergence of what became the basis for modern Western architecture and design.

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