Francisco Goya

Francisco Goya Francisco Goya is a notable Spanish painter and printmaker. Goya has been regarded as the last in the line of the Old Masters and the first among the modern painters. In fact, Goya is considered by other artists as the Father of Modern Art, whose works became models for the works of other famous artists such as Manet and Picasso.

Early Years

Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes was born on March 30, 1746 in Fuendetodos, Spain. His parents were Jose Benito de Goya y Franque and Gracia de Lucientes y Salvador. Goya’s father worked as a gilder. Goya spent his early childhood in Fuendetodos and later in the city of Zaragoza where the family moved later on. Goya attended school at Escuelas Pias. At the age of 14, he began his apprenticeship with the painter Jose Lucian.

Development as Painter

Goya later on moved to Madrid where he studied art under Anton Raphael Mengs. Goya the student clashed most of the time with his master which resulted in his unsatisfactory marks under Mengs. Goya then tried to enter the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in the city but was denied.

Unable to enter the Royal Academy, Goya ventured to Rome. There, Goya was able to win the second prize in a painting competition held by the city of Parma in 1771. during the same year, he went back to Zaragoza where he eventually studied with Francisco Bayeu y Subias. It was during this time that Goya began to develop the use of delicate tones from which he later on became famous.

Success as Painter

Goya found success as a painter with his association with Francisco Bayeu, who is a member of the Royal Academy of Fine Art. Goya married Bayeu’s sister Josefa in 1774 and was able to get work from the Royal Tapestry Workshop. Here, Goya was able to design patterns that were used to decorate the residences of Spanish monarchs. This provided him with the means to catch the attention of the Spanish royal court. During the course of his new found success, Goya also was able to be appointed as a member of the Royal Academy of Fine Art.

Painter of Royalty

Goya’s access to the Spanish royal court led him to be appointed as a painter of royalty, especially by Charles III in 1786. He eventually became court painter in 1789 to Charles IV. Goya did paintings of the King and Queen the royal family as well as other nobles.

Later Life

In 1792, Goya contracted a high fever that left him deaf. This experience also made him more withdrawn and introspective. This may have influenced him to create more bleak and intensely haunting works of art. Goya later on relocated to Bordeaux in 1824. Goya later on died in Bordeaux in 1828 at the ripe old age of 82.

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