Marc Chagall

Marc Chagall

Marc Chagall was a Russian born French painter closely associated to the modern movements that followed after Impressionism. He was born on July 7, 1887 in Liozno, Vitebsk on what is now part of Belarus.

He was of Jewish descent and the eldest of nine siblings. His mother’s name was Feige-Ite while his father was Khatskl Shagal, who worked as a herring merchant. Marc grew up in a closely knit and devout Jewish family.

Early Career

Marc started studying painting sometime in 1906 under the direction of a famed local artist, Yehuda Pen. Marc then moved to St. Petersburg several months later where he further studied under Nikolai Roerich by joining a school known as the "Society of Art Supporters". Marc also studied under Leon Bakst Zvantseva School of Drawing and Painting from 1908 to 1910.

After building a reputation as an artist, Marc eventually relocated to Paris to be near the more established art community in the Montparnasse district. There, he was able to develop friendships with people from the avant-garde circles known for their innovative and experimental inclinations in terms of art, culture and style.

Marc returned to Russia in 1914 to get married. While in Russia, he took the government appointment as the Commissar for Fine Art in Vitebsk. He did not fare well with the political system of Russia during that time. He and his wife eventually relocated to France in 1923 where Marc became a French citizen in 1937.

Works

Marc Chagall’s work was mostly inspired by folk life and culture that he grew up in Russia. His works also were influenced by Biblical themes as well as by his Jewish heritage. His works can be pretty difficult to categorize since he usually dabbled in various art movements popular during his time, usually with the modernists.

His works was also known for their use of various symbolisms and rich details. The symbolism that he used was mostly derived from personal life experiences. Marc Chagall died on March 28, 1985.

 
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