Sandro Boticelli

Sandro BoticelliAlessandro di Mariano di Vanni di Filipepi, more popularly known as Sandro Boticelli was one of the more notable painter of the Florentine school during the Early Renaissance. Boticelli was born on March 1, 1445 in Florence, Italy. His nickname, "Il Boticelli" or "Little Barrel" was given to him by his brother, Giovanni.

Little has been known about the early life of Boticelli. But history records indicated that he may have become an apprentice when he was about fourteen years old, quite an early start when compared to other painters during his time. It was also known that Boticelli became an apprentice to Fra Lippo Lippi sometime in 1462. it was from the elder master that Boticelli learned an intimate and more detailed manner of painting.

By 1470, Boticelli has started his own workshop. It was during this time that Boticelli started painting figures as if seen in low relief. They are drawn in clear contours while minimizing strong contrasts between light and shadow which are usually used to indicate fully modeled forms.

Historical records reveal that Boticelli may have made his best known work, Primavera sometime during 1478. it was said to be commissioned for a townhouse in Florence. Another well known work of Boticelli, The Birth of Venus, was done sometime in 1485. It was in both works that Boticelli showed some influence in Gothic realism but was tempered by Boticelli’s own study of the antique. The artworks seem to have complex meanings that, up to this day have been receiving widespread attention among art experts.

In 1481, Boticelli was also commissioned along with other known artists to fresco the walls of the Sistine Chapel. After that, Boticelli poured his attention over doing prints and illustrations for Dante’s Inferno. Boticelli worked on other frescoes during his time as well as on other commissions. By the time of his death in May 17, 1510, his reputation was largely forgotten and has been eclipsed by the other known painters and artists that came after him.

This may be due to the lack of students or apprentices who could have advanced his influence and style in art. Other reasons included his style becoming out of date by the time of the High Renaissance. For the longest time, the art and the influence of Boticelli has been forgotten and went on largely ignored for centuries. It was only recently that his art has been duly recognized.

Image Source: Wikipedia

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