Impressionism Art Movement

Impressionism as an art movement came out in France sometime during the mid 19th century that began to go against the rules of academic painting. During that time, the most popular paintings were then created following the rules and standards instituted by the influence of European schools of art. Impressionism was borne out of going against the stylistic as well as the technical standards that academic art was known for.

A few Paris-based artists during the 1860’s were beginning to go against the rigid and detailed standard artworks that prevailed then. Many were more focused in recreating art through the use of accepted norms and principles of line and color. The Impressionism art movement advocated the art of quick on-the-spot painting, something that academic painters then abhor. Early Impressionist painters began instituting importance of color over line. Characteristics of Impressionist paintings include visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on the effects of light and its changes, ordinary subject matter and unusual visual angles.

The term “Impressionism” was first coined by the growing art movement’s critic Louis Leroy in one of his satiric reviews. He took it from the title of one of Claude Monet’s painting named “Impression: Sunrise” in order to poke fun at the exhibit of the painter’s works sometime in 1874. The term eventually became the word that described the upcoming art movement.

Impressionism aimed to capture what the eye can see at first glance. Impressionist painters became interested in capturing how certain subjects appear in different light settings at different times of the day. Impressionism also started the practice of using pure and unmixed color on canvas and not blending them as was the custom then. To get a certain color mix, Impressionists would brush two colors separately and let the colors play together in the eyes of the viewer to create a different hue. Impressionist also began painting more realistic scenes instead of dramatic compositions as their subject matter. The paintings try to emphasize overall effects of the subject matter rather than the intricate details.

Claude Monet was considered as the leading figure of the Impressionist movement. It was after one of his paintings that the movement was named after. Monet was particularly interested in trying to capture the momentary effects of light and color on his paintings. He was also known for doing a series of paintings on one subject matter but depicted in different light and weather conditions. Among his famous works were his “Water Lilies” painting series which was done at his own lily pond garden in Giverny. Also as famous are his “Haystacks” series, a collection of paintings of haystacks as seen at different times of the day.

Pierre-Auguste Renoir was also one of the noted Impressionist painters. He was known for his paintings of women and groups of people in simple and ordinary settings. Renoir was known for his paintings in vibrant light as well as saturated color in which his female nudes are cited as examples. Another noted Impressionist painter was Mary Cassatt who was famous for painting women, emphasizing on the intimate bonds seen between mothers and their children.

 
You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.